3 Emotion

3Emotion stands for Environmentally friendly Efficient Electric Motion


The project (2015- 2022) bridges the gap between current fuel cell bus demonstration projects and larger scale deployment.
It presents the deployment of 21 new and the further use of 8 existing fuel cell buses with the required refueling infrastructure, which involved a targeted expansion of the EU fuel cell bus demonstration.

The buses are deployed in 5 sites and operated by 7 public transport operators located all over Europe.
Each of these sites has its own constrains for the buses, what makes them all unique and covers the entire range in which fuel cell buses can be a valuable replacement for fossil fueled buses.

Project objectives

Through the exchange of information about the experiences from daily FCB operations in this locations in Europe (Aalborg (DK), London (UK), Pau (FR), Rotterdam (NL), Versailles (FR)) decisions makers, transport authorities will be informed

  • the movement towards cost effective integration of FC Buses in local bus fleets
  • the enhancement of the technical availability of the buses
  • the common technical and safety specifications for Refueling Infrastructure are
  • the toolkit for the identification of a proper mix of incentives to support the market demand side
  • the evolution of fuel cell buses (from CHIC to 3Emotion)

3Emotion Bus Targets are:

  • Articulated buses on hydrogen (18 meters)
  • Integration of latest technologies to lower TCO
  • Lower hydrogen consumption (<10 kg/100 kilometer)
  • Increase lifetime
  • Increase warranties
  • Availability > 90 procent
  • Reduce bus investment cost


The 3Emotion Consortium consists out of about 14 partners with each a well defined contribution in the realization of the project objectives. There are 7 public transport operators, a refueling station operator, a bus manufacturer, a fuel cell manufacturer, a knowledge center for evaluation, local authorities and partners that are responsible for dissemination and refueling research present in the consortium.


The project is supported by the EU through the FCH-JU under grant agreement 633174 and by a series of local authorities.