EU : Clean Vehicle Directive review

On 8 November 2017, the European Commission presented a clean mobility package, consisting of legislative proposals on road transport vehicles, infrastructures and combined transport of goods, non-legislative measures presented in an alternative fuels action plan, and a communication on low-emission mobility.

The package includes a legislative proposal for a revised directive on the promotion of clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles (Clean vehicles directive). It aims to promote clean mobility solutions in public procurement tenders (purchase, lease, rent or hire-purchase of road transport vehicles, and public service contracts on public passenger transport by road and rail) and thereby raise the demand for and the further deployment of clean vehicles.

 For light-duty vehicles, the proposal provides a definition of clean vehicles based on a combined CO2 and air pollutant emissions thresholds, while it uses a definition based on alternative fuels (electricity, hydrogen, natural gas including biomethane) for heavy-duty vehicles.

 It also makes it possible to adopt a delegated act to use emission thresholds for heavy-duty vehicles after a future adoption of CO2 emission standards for such vehicles. CO2 Emission thresholds for light-duty vehicles range between 25 and 40 grams CO2/km for 2025 and go to zero by 2030.

Emissions of air pollutants must be at least 20 % below the emission limits set in Annex I of Regulation (EC) 715/2007 or its successors. The proposal sets minimum procurement targets for each category of vehicle and each Member State. For light-duty vehicles, Member States must reach a share between 16 % and 35 %. For buses, Member States' targets range from 29 % to 50 % (2025) and from 43 % to 75 % (2030), and for trucks from 6 % to 10 % (2025) and from 7 % to 15 % (2030). The proposal introduces a reporting and monitoring framework and abolishes the methodology for monetisation of external effects.

The proposal is currently beeing reviewed by the European Parliament an the Council. Background documents as well as the current steps in the decision making process are available on the European Parliament website